Monthly Archives: September 2013

Brainstorming Learning Pathways

This is the Version 1 mind map of a  Flexible Learning Pathway for Formal and Non-formal Learning

Flexible Learning Pathways MindMap

The focus of this mindmap was to see what evidence of learning is currently being offered by systems and what systems are looking for.

The systems that need to connect and collaborate for this learning pathway include:

Institutions

Community

Industry

Based on my research and interviews, the Learning Pathways needs to extend from at least High School to Pre and Post Higher Education.

This is a map of the process that the systems could work on collaboratively to create learning pathways.

Flexible Learning Pathway Process(1)This is a Flexible Learning Pathways Process chart  that integrates these ideas.

My most up to date chart on “Levels/Types of Badges”

That’s what I have for brainstorming at the moment.

Now- I am starting to support and explain these images.

Verena :)

 

Week 4 – POT Class – Online Design and Pedagogy

This is a blog post for my Week 4 in my POT Course which stands for Program for Online Teaching. What intrigues me most about the course is a) even though it is free I can get a certificate if I stick with it to the end and b) the whole course is created in Google.

My primary goal in the course is to “think” backwards and rethink “how” I could design courses to meet personalized needs of students.

Part of my focus this week, was breaking personal habits- I am  actually going through all of the content, let it sink in, reflect, then write a  blog post. I also spent time creating a “brainstorming” plan of how I “could” design a course using google docs (as opposed to my usual learn while I am in the middle of doing). If I spend some extra time on the brainstorming and design, I’m hoping that I can more clearly articulate my pedagogical intentions through my first drafts.

This week we have had a huge amount of content to go through, so I have written a huge blogpost. The readings motivated me to think “how” I am coaching others when helping them create their own online courses as well as encouraging me to rethink design in my own High School open courses.

The Chapter 3 Readings from Ko and Rossen extensively went into detail about how to set up interactive and engaging modules. I especially enjoyed the Mary Jane Clerkin’s asynchronous Speech class and the three types of “review” (interaction and feedback) self-review, peer-review and instructor emails. I also appreciated the description about creating quiz/test questions that promote reverse reasoning skills.  (If there is any mention of backwards anything I tend to pick up on it….)

IMPLEMENTING THE SEVEN PRINCIPLES: Technology as Lever (Chickering & Ehrmann)

Main Points:

1. Encourage interaction between student and faculty (This point reminds me of Anderson’s Chapter on Toward A Theory of Online Learning – with emphasis on balance in “types” of interactions)

Things that the article made me think about: Good Practice Communicates High Expectations – I am often criticized for having “too” high of expectations because I am focused on Good Practice Respects Diverse Talents and Ways of Learning. I have issues with static unchanging online courses that meet select needs. To be sustainable – I’m still trying to figure out ways to communicate high expectations while still meeting variety of ways of teaching.

Video Tours:

I really appreciated looking over the courses. I liked comparing how the courses were set up – literally the design features – content all in the middle, links on the side – just like we saw in the handouts in Week 3. I have created a video of one of my courses – based on some of my thoughts of how I could “rethink” my design for future courses.

Overall – a great week of reflecting, thinking and slowing down to break habits. I now look forward to spending some time going over what my peers had to say about the course content on their blogs. I am especially curious about their thoughts on those great video overviews.

Verena :)

Terry Fox – Leader, Inspiration….what badge would he get?

I’ve been thinking about a Failure Badge. Last week I was in a Make and Create Google Hangout with Ian O’Byrne, Fred Mindlin, Greg McVerry,  John Duhring and Per from Pandora  (Jewellery yes) Ian has blogged about his reflections of the hangout and the chat that continued into the ConnectedLearningTV’s Webinar on Open Badges.

However – it was Ian’s post about a “Failure Badge” and what it might signify that has me thinking.

In Canada this month we celebrate one our heroes, his name was Terry Fox. Nearly every school has a Terry Fox run which raises money for cancer.  Why?

Well, briefly for those who don’t know Terry’s story, Terry had cancer.  But that wasn’t all that Terry was – someone with cancer. Terry was an amazing athlete, especially a basketball player. At first, the cancer was only in his leg, and so the doctors amputated his leg. Even this fact would devastate many – an active athlete, now without a leg. However, as I said, Terry wasn’t “just” an amazing athlete or someone with cancer. In 1981, Terry decided to complete the Marathon of Hope. The Hope Stood for his fight against cancer as well as the hope of thousands of other cancer patients. By starting in Newfoundland he trekked his way across Canada, by running on one leg, to promote cancer awareness and “Hope”.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=09mypXm_ZRM

Unfortunately Terry’s cancer came back to his lungs – and he only made it to Thunder Bay, Ontario. Click on the MAP to see the distance and geography in Canada. In fact, nine months after he had to stop his race, he died of cancer.

While Terry may have felt that he failed – he was actually a hero who ignited a country’s pride and hope for a cure for cancer. Like I said in the start of the post, every September in Canada,  schools across the country and communities organize Terry Fox runs. I have also participated in Terry Fox runs in France! It’s even International!

When I asked my daughter if Terry Fox had failed, she said of course not! Terry Fox was a national hero who has inspired many other Canadians and taught us about cancer! What a ridiculous thing to say. Because it’s true – he didn’t fail! He represents the idea that you have to try and great ideas will overcome all odds!  His dreams have persevered through others.

He didn’t finish his run – instead, he shared his passion for hope and his desire to make a difference.

I think that’s what a “Failure Badge” – in the context of Ian’s post is all about. Trying something, sharing the experience with others and trying to make a difference. Terry is a great example of why failure is a good thing – without Terry’s risk taking, drive and leadership – Canadians would have very different September memories and Cancer research would never had had the same support.  I think “Failure” can promote “hope” and possibility.

While we are not all like Terry, our goal as educators, parents, leaders and mentors is to make a difference and share our passion. I am looking forward to working with Ian to create some kind of digital collaboration to share our failures – because it really means, sharing our passion for learning, innovation and trying new things.

What do you think?

Verena :)

How to Create an Open Online/Blended Course Using Google

imagesRetrieved from: http://www.startsomewhere.com/free-google-tools/

I have been challenged to rethink my online and blended course learning design – so I chose to examine what I could do (and any educator could do) in Google.

I added “open” because I have yet to figure out all the privacy features with these tools. Often within a district, the lead administrator can set these tools to public or private. Since I am not using Google Apps for education, and just using Google Apps, all of my suggestions are open (This also means that some Google+ Apps can only be used for participants aged 13+)

Google is still such a contentious topic in k12 due to FOIP regulations. The fact that it is a service offered in the cloud has prevented some districts from letting their teachers and students learn with Google Apps.

Based on the privacy regulation limitations, I still encourage all teachers to ensure that they are following the rules and policies within their district and always get a letter of permission for parents/guardians signed that describes what apps you will be using and why. I also advocate for parents to learn with their kids. Community and parent support creates a bigger learning community for everyone.

The rationale behind these opportunities is to create blended learning opportunities who are in f2f classrooms as well as authentic opportunities for online students who are often “stuck” in a Learning Management System (LMS – like moodle, canvas, D2L etc).

The  best resources that I found are:

Kern Kelley – Using Google Tools to Create and Manage Online Courses, Google Education Hangouts on Air

Kern Kelley – Google Site- Projects

Ultimate Google Apps Training Guide

K12 Guide to Going Google

EduTraining Google Apps

 

I think there are a few “stages” to building an online course. It will be up to the individual teacher to decide what stage they are comfortable with.

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The Basics

Step 1: :Create and Choose a Google Site

 

A google site is like a wiki or blog page. It acts like an ePortfolio with limited interaction – you can only add comments to the page. You start with a home page, and have a list of all of your pages on one of the side columns. There are some great examples of how you  could use this app as you sign in.  (There are no discussion group features.)

I would use a classroom google site as my home base. I would use weekly pages to describe the weekly activities as “modules. I would not allow anyone to comment – instead I would use Google Communities for interaction, networking and chatting

Google sites would be used in TWO ways –

1) As the course platform and home

2) For individual student ePortfolios

A key addition to my site would include  a Google Calendar

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Networking & Interactions

Step 2: Create a Google Community to Build a Digital Community, Connect and Chat

 

I have been playing and using google Communities for a few months. An example of  a google Community used for an online course is  Creating an open Classroom in February 2013.  What has impressed me most, is the design. They are clear and easy to manage. You will have to go in and set up a basic community with links as well as weekly discussion posts. You must do the setup before the students get into the course (knowing that you will make some changes) as the participants post all over the place and it gets confusing if you don’t. It is also still difficult to transfer posts and organize them if you are the moderator.

Step 3: Using Google Spreadsheets to:

1) Help Teacher “Redesign” Curriculum into Competencies and Inquiry Based Questions

2) Create Google ePortfolio Tracking Systems

 

Based on the current opportunities to “rethink how” we are teaching, Google Spreadsheets can be used in many ways. I really like the way Kern set up his course curriculum in a spreadsheet so he could  clearly connect curriculum. This is a great way to interconnect – competencies and common core competencies  (for those in the US).

What I liked about the Google ePortfolio Tracking System, was that individual students would add evidence of their learning. This “tracking” system can shared with teachers.

For those teachers who want to use the Google Spreadsheets for more summative assessment and feedback, please read this blog post by Martin Hawksey about how to create a student-teacher feedback system. If I could figure this script out myself (which I can’t), I would use this method for peer- peer feedback as well. This post and community by Michael J. Graham is also an excellent resource, especially for common core integration.

I could see a google Spreadsheet used in a similar way for project organization (process).

Step 4: Setting Up Google Hangouts

Google Hangout require an additional Google  plug in, so some set up is required. Here’s a great LiveBinder about Google Hangouts in k12. Google Hangouts are very similar to skype. You will need individual webcams and students will need to speak right into the microphone. However, you can connect with other learners, share screens and connect with others around the world.  I have only used Hangouts as places to discuss new ideas, but you could always teach through hangouts as well.

Additional information from common sense media about google Hangouts: More INFO

Step 5: Google Drive for Collaboration

 

Now that you have created a platform, with links to create an online course, you need to think about activities and learning opportunities. The perfect way to start collaborating and learning together is through Google Drive. Collaborating together is a way for students to start leading and learning.

More information about Google Drive can be found HERE.

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Forever  Google

From now on,  the list goes on…and…on and is dependent on what you want and need.

Additional information from common sense media about google Hangouts: More INFO

Step 5: Using Google Forms for Data Collection/ Class Projects

One of the best videos to introduce using Google Drive for collaboration can be found HERE. In fact, at this point, the best place to learn about future Google Apps choices is in YouTube.

Quick Overview as a Google Educator: Click HERE

Good luck! Please reply or comment any examples of ways YOU have designed or created Google open courses in the comments below…..

Verena :)

Pedagogy and Backwards Course Design – Week 3 – POT

 

Backwards

Image attributed to Lisa Norwoord, Flikr http://www.flickr.com/photos/lisanorwood/902062212/

I love this image. Not only was I looking for an image to describe design thinking “backwards” but the person in this picture is instinctively doing what we are not supposed to ever do – walk into a fire.

That’s what designing a course like an eTextbook feels like to me – being forced to walk into a fire.

I know we are all expected to do things that don’t necessarily “work” for us in institutions. From a pedagogical point of view – I know, that I can’t “follow” the signs telling me that I “have” to walk into a fire. It really hurts to be burned over and over again.

However – I am thinking of designing a course that makes me “think” (not feel) that I am walking into a fire. The  difference is, I am choosing to do it. II think it’s a fire base don my habits – because I am so used to designing, creating and teaching one way – I literally have to force myself to walk backwards and do what I am not used to doing. So my instinct and mind is guiding me and telling me – it’s ok, it’s not really a fire, it’s just different. However, I am fighting years of tradition telling me – it’s a fire, watch out, get away, run! Does that make sense?

Fire-escape-220

It’s me choosing to “deal” with walking backwards, and being able to “think” my way through the process as opposed to being told to do something that doesn’t feel right and I am not thinking for myself.Backwards

Which one would you choose?

Enough metaphors…

I really enjoyed reading  thinking about course “readiness” factors and thinking about stages within the organizations that I work with. Last year, I worked with a high readiness institution, but I purposefully chose not to use D2L (and tried to avoid any LMS), because I wanted to be able to have ownership over my own course.  All of the courses had already developed and as a teacher we had limited ability to go in and make any changes. As a result, I needed to look for alternatives. After reading the text and listening to the screencasts form Week 3 – I realized that it was pedagogical beliefs coming through and not just stubbornness on my part – that determined my course design choices.  As an educator, I wanted to be part of the design process – and having an already created course did not meet my pedagogical needs.

I didn’t last long at that institution – because I spent a lot of time talking about how the fires weren’t that bad and encouraging people to come down the stairs. Until I realized – if you are a human being and you see a fire – you will run.  I can’t “make” you walk towards a fire – unless YOU know it’s not really a fire.

It means more to me that I can help others design their courses and keep rethinking “how” to learn in online and blended environments – and face their own fires.

I am developing a HS MOOC based on Leadership for October. I think I will focus on it for this post. I really appreciate the templates and I look forward to “re” designing my course based on some of the templates that you provided.

My primary goals in designing my new course are to:

1) Think about how to create an inquiry based or problem based learning course – online

2) How to rethink assessment/course design using competencies (especially how to integrate the Alberta Gov’t Inspiring Education Framework based on competencies

I just completed a small research project on “How” to create competency based criteria for open badges. I am helping  to create a proposal for UBC about creating flexible platforms for formal and non-formal learning.

What I noticed in the first Week 3 resources video – is that I will have to create my courses backwards when using competencies. I will have to  start with the skills, behaviours and attitudes that I want to see evidence of – at the beginning and then funnel down towards core competencies. I’m wondering if there is a template for “backwards” design?

What I would add to this discussion this week is two other key resources

1. Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy – I have this posted in front of me to ensure that I clearly offer opportunities for multiple ways to learn. I also really like the examples with words to help me create my outcomes.

2. Mozilla’s Web Literacy Framework – Like Bloom’s Taxonomy, the options and examples help me think about how to create authentic, current and meaningful activities for the students and help me think about other skills that they can (should) be developing in my course.

So – I guess my focus for the HS Leadership MOOC is on how to “rethink” designing online and blended courses.


Verena :)

PS  I have to say that my textbook came in record time – all the way to Calgary, AB. Thank you to whomever needs to be thanked. The textbook is a great fit with the course because the tone of the writing in the book blends with the tone of the extra resources. I also had a great time “popping” into the Google hangout today.  I liked hearing about different ways to engage and connect our students.

Perfect 10 in Program for Online Learning already!

3461247651_13cdc25831

Flikr image attribution to: squarecicle

10 – It seems like the perfect number, mark and direction we are  looking for – a perfect 10!

That is the score I achieved on the POT program’s  Beginner’s Questionnaire. The fact that I don’t even have the energy or desire to check what the total could have been for me – tells me that I really like this “perfect 10”.  I know that it is a lower total, based on Lisa Lane’s excellent summary of the questionnaire. However, what I think it most reveals to me is that – whatever I create, whatever I can offer by facilitating an online course – it will be my perfect 10. When I reflect upon how much my courses have changed in design and the turn towards pedagogy, I realize that my “perfect 10” will be a different course today than it was even 3 months ago.

That’s the the thing about perfect 10’s. They are different for everyone.

However, unlike food or wine that can become better over time – an online course will be a perfect 10 – in the moment – but will need constant changes to meet the needs of its primary reason for existence – engaging students. I think Melissa Conrey did an excellent job describing some myths and false expectations in online teaching.

So – while I keep striving to create a perfect 10 course – I know that it will be a fleeting success. One day a perfect 10, and the next day – a perfect 1.  And that’s ok – as long as I keep trying. Throughout this course I am looking forward to relearning how to teach, rethinking how to design and how to engage with my students – and to re examine the “myth” of the perfect 10.
I especially enjoyed the video descriptions (mind map) of the worksheets and Melissa’s personalized explanation of what we are getting ourselves into. It’s not just about a looking for a perfect 10 – it’s about figuring out this “thing” called online learning – and its potential based on our personal pedagogy. I am excited to be a part of the process.

Verena :)

Resources: Week 2, Program for Online Learning

POT – Program for Online Teaching – Introduction

Hello!

This is my first blog post and introduction for the POT course. https://sites.google.com/site/potcertclass13/

I know, the name of the course sounds great – but the content and framework and the fact that it is all in Google fascinates me – so I am in it for the learning not just the cool name!

My name is Verena Roberts and I am hoping to make it through the year in this course. Why? Well, as a k12 teacher, I have taught online since 2008, but I was not asked if I was ever “certified” in it. In fact the whole online credentials part of online teaching is ambiguous in Canada. I got my first job as a k-3 online teacher because I had taken part of my Master’s program online. Now I am completing my MET degree at UBC – but I took an instructional design course as an option.My final project is on creating a learning pathway for informal and formal learning in Higher Ed. It’s all very confusing. So the certification and the actual learning about how you teach and design the course is interesting and important to me,

I am currently working as an open and eLEarning educational consultant, based out of Calgary, AB, Canada. I have contracts with iDesignEDU as a learning architect – which means I help mentor f2f Higher Education profs to create online courses. I work with a team to try and create cutting edge and pedagogically focused courses – which is why this course appeals  to me. I am also the acting Chief of Technology for  CANeLearn – the newly formed Canadian eLearning Network. I’m also doing some work promoting digital literacy and digital storytelling using alternative forms of assessment for indigenous youth.

This is my first time in this course, but I have been following Lisa for a while – and I figure it is time to really examine her online digital identity and professional design. No, I’m not stalking, but it is always nice to have role models in this line of business….

Looking forward to learning with you!

Verena :)

How to Create Open Badge Criteria – Using Competencies

I am looking for feedback on this project. Please consider commenting OR send me a tweet @verenanz Thank you!

m101 Learning Pathway – Badge Criteria Project

Verena Roberts

 UBC Graduate Researcher and Research Associate of the UBC m101 Course Development project.

September 2013

Are Open Badges the future of Accreditation?

Problem: What is does a competency based assessment framework for the UBC m101 badges look like?

This report is a descriptive overview of how I developed the criteria for the m101 badges.

Most of the current literature suggests that competency based programs are designed backwards. What they mean is, think about what you want the students to be able to do and demonstrate first,  then go backwards thinking about the steps, skills and knowledge needed to achieve the evidence of learning.

To create the m101 badges, I followed the following steps. The m101 blog/course was already created, so my job was to create a system of badges based on current content.

I started by creating “types” of badges. Version 1 – m101 Badges. The feedback I received was that the chart did not have enough detail and stages were unclear. Although I had had some great discussions with David Porter and Lee Graham about alternative assessment, badges and learning design I was not clear in my criteria. I did not really understand what I was trying to assess.

I decided to brainstorm and describe the skills and behaviours the sm101 students are expected  to develop by engaging in learning in the m101 course.

For m101: I went to the m101 blog, then started to create a m101 module about open badges based on the expectations written in the blog. Once I had started the activity, I went back to the blog and split up the tasks by step.

This is my  m101 Badge Criteria Process chart.

After I split up the tasks, I plotted the tasks in order in the chart. I then revisited the blog to define and clarify the blog module creation instructions: Mining, Meshing, Mobilization. I brainstormed words that could describe these three key components in more detail.  I also considered if these words were competencies or names – and what is the difference?  I finished the chart by splitting the tasks into one of the three key components.

Based on the description of the tasks and the process, I could see key action words that described behaviour. I searched for a revised version of Bloom’s Taxonomy to ensure that I was using words to describe and show evidence of learning at different stages. These action words described the behaviours that were necessary to exhibit in the set badge criteria.

Similarly, skills and abilities also began to emerge. As such, I used Mozilla Webmaker’s current Web Literacy standards to compare, contrast and prioritize the necessary skills and abilities that would need to be exhibited.

At this point in the process, I realized that I needed more information about how to choose competencies and define criteria because my assumptions were based on experience, rather than evidence.

As a result of lack of evidence, I completed a brief analysis on the description of competencies and how they are created. This is the paper on: What is a Competency?

After I completed the paper, and researched a wide variety of examples, I was able to create the first m101 badge criteria proposal.

“Badge criteria creation, or creating a learning pathway is still an experimental and is an area which needs more research.”

(Davidson, 2013)

I found the mobilization badge the most difficult for three reasons. The first reason, is that it is based on relevancy and therefore it is not a static badge.  It has to be a badge which can be added to, remixed, changed or altered in some way. Secondly, it has to have multiple voices and is not based on the criteria set by the instructor. The criteria has to promote the highest levels of learning which is personalized learning. Finally, the criteria must also be able to be integrated into the UBC badge network. Since this does not exist yet, the badge must be concise enough to offer criteria for the m101 course and vague enough to fit into a bigger picture.

As a result,  the m101 mobilization badge is still a work in progress.

Please consider commenting on this post or sending a tweet to @verenanz as I would really appreciate your feedback.

This is a list of resources I used to ensure that I was following a possible process in trying to create the badge criteria:

Provincial/State Competency Based Curriculum:

Quebec:

CEGEP – Jr College Resources from Quebec:

http://www.vaniercollege.qc.ca/pdo/2012/12/teaching-tip-backwards-design-in-competency-based-education/

Outlining competencies:

http://www.mels.gouv.qc.ca/progression/secondaire/index_en.asp

New Hampshire Education

http://www.education.nh.gov/innovations/hs_redesign/competencies.htm

Associations:

iNACOL – Association Resource

http://www.inacol.org/cms/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/iNACOL_CW_IssueBrief_DesignComp.pdf

Human Resources – How to Create a Competenc

Digital Resources:

Provincial/State Curriculum:

Quebec:

Outlining competencies:

http://www.mels.gouv.qc.ca/progression/secondaire/index_en.asp

CEGEP – Jr College Resources from Quebec:

http://www.vaniercollege.qc.ca/pdo/2012/12/teaching-tip-backwards-design-in-competency-based-education/

Article about students who have gone through competency based assessment in Quebec:

http://www.eres.fse.ulaval.ca/fichiers/site_eres/documents/Communication_et_publication/http_www.montrealgazette.com_story_print.html_id_3434814_spon.pdf

New Hampshire

Competency Based Assessment:

http://www.education.nh.gov/innovations/hs_redesign/index.htm

Rubric on Creating Strong Competencies

http://www.education.nh.gov/innovations/hs_redesign/documents/validation_rubric_for_course-level-competencies.pdf

Article on New Hampshire competency based program:

http://www.educationnews.org/k-12-schools/competency-based-education-shows-promise-in-new-england/

Article about Politicians asking for Competency Based Programs in Higher Education :http://www.educationnews.org/higher-education/perry-asks-texas-unis-to-consider-competency-based-programs/#comments

Blog posts:

Bates, T. (2013) Towards a theory or model of productivity for online learning: outcomes, scale and design.  online learning and distance education resources. Retrieved from http://www.tonybates.ca/2013/09/04/towards-a-theory-or-model-of-productivity-for-online-learning-outcomes-scale-and-design/?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter#sthash.OXvGwwKn.dpuf

Buell, C. (2013) Using Badges to Quantify Learning Outcomes at UC Davis. edcetera. Retrieved from http://edcetera.rafter.com/using-badges-to-quantify-learning-outcomes-at-uc-davis/?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=using-badges-to-quantify-learning-outcomes-at-uc-davis

Caselli, C. (2012) Badge Pathways: Part 1- the paraquel .Persona The hopeless dream of being—not seeming, but being. Retreived from http://carlacasilli.wordpress.com/2013/03/25/badge-pathways-part-1-the-paraquel/10/08/introducing-dml-design-principles-documentation-project

Cronin, C. (2013) Assessment in Open Spaces.  catherinecronin: learning-reflecting-sharing. Retrieved from http://catherinecronin.wordpress.com/category/conferences/

Davidson, C. (2012) How Do You Encourage Feedback for Group Projects?  Here’s my Darft Badging System. HASTAC http://www.hastac.org/blogs/cathy-davidson/2012/12/29/how-do-you-encourage-peer-feedback-group-projects-heres-my-draft-bad

Gerstein, J. (2013) I don’t get Digital Badges.  User Generated Education. Retrieved from http://usergeneratededucation.wordpress.com/2013/03/16/i-dont-get-digital-badges/

Hickey, D. (2012) Introducing the DML Design Principles Documentation Project HASTAC Retrieved from http://www.hastac.org/blogs/dthickey/2012/10/08/introducing-dml-design-principles-documentation-project

Morrison, D. (2012) The Next big disruptor – Competency-based Learning. online learning insights: A blog about Open and Online Education. Retrieved from http://onlinelearninginsights.wordpress.com/2012/06/12/the-next-big-disruptor-competency-based-learning/

O’Byrne, I. (2013) Make with Me- Digital Badges. Digitally Literate. Retrieved from: http://wiobyrne.com/make-with-me-digital-badges/

O’Connell, J. (2012) Badges for Learning! Heyjude – Learning in an online world.  Retrieved from http://judyoconnell.com/2012/11/08/badges-for-learning/

Books:

Friere, P. (1970) Pedagogy of the Oppressed http://www.users.humboldt.edu/jwpowell/edreformFriere_pedagogy.pdf

Additional Resources:

iNACOL – Association Resource

http://www.inacol.org/cms/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/iNACOL_CW_IssueBrief_DesignComp.pdf

Competency Works  (US)- Website:

http://www.competencyworks.org/

Competencies and Industry

http://www.collegemv.qc.ca/fr-ca/Accueil/English/Access_to_competencies/index.aspx

Systems of Assessment : https://sites.google.com/site/competencybasedpathways/home/resources/creating-a-transparent-mastery-and-assessment-system-creating-systems-of-assessments

ConnectedTV Topic: Opening New Pathways and Opportunities

http://connectedlearning.tv/opening-new-pathways-opportunities